In addition to the landscape, Song Mooc village (Binh Lieu district, Quang Ninh) also attracts tourists by the traditional houses of the Dao ethnic group located in the middle of terraced fields.
In Song Mooc village, Binh Lieu (Quang Ninh), the mossy yin and yang roof tiles of the Dao people are located in the middle of the terraced fields, as beautiful as a picture. These houses were built from the creativity of people with features suitable for natural conditions, attracting the attention of many tourists when coming here.
The habitat on the high mountain slopes, the harsh cold climate has a profound impact on the architecture and the way houses are built. The house is usually made of earth, roofed with yin and yang tiles with the advantage of keeping warm in winter, cool in summer and convenient for living, against crooks and wild animals. In the middle of the hot summer afternoon, the outdoor temperature can be more than 40 degrees, but entering the house, you will feel cool.
To build a house, the first thing is to choose a location. The place to build the house must be high, away from the wind, close to the fields and water sources for convenient living and production. The house is made from the materials available in the surrounding environment. In addition to the solid foundation of the stone embankment and the soil that can be raised above the ground, the Dao people have quite careful and sophisticated techniques for making walls.
On the Portal of the People’s Committee of Quang Ninh Province, according to Deputy Director of the Center for Media and Culture of Binh Lieu District To Dinh Hieu, the selected soil for the wall is clay, kaolin or silt in the field that is filtered out impurities. To add stability, the center of the house and the four corners of the house are often supported by wooden pillars. The walls and walls of the house are made of earth, with bones added, the bones are small trees, or bamboo is thoroughly soaked in water.
Notably, when the soil is selected, the wall will be made of a wooden mold and then rake the sieved soil into the wooden plank mold, holding the wooden pestle and pounding each other until the soil sticks together, removing the mold does not fall. . At the end of the first floor, remove the wooden mold to make the second floor, each layer of the formwork is 50 – 70cm high. The finer and tighter the pounded and pounded soil is, the later the wall will not crack… Then the yin and yang tile roofing process follows the upside-down structure to help absorb heat well, cool in the summer and warm in the summer. winter. The lifespan of the wall paneling can reach 30-50 years.
The house is built according to the overall structure, including three compartments with the family living space usually arranged in the middle, two sides are sleeping spaces. For food such as rice, it will be kept in a separate area or in the mezzanine floor, stored in very large pots woven of bamboo. According to Mr. Vi Ngoc Nhat – Deputy Head of Culture and Information Department of Binh Lieu District, recently these houses are being lost and lost quite a lot, so Binh Lieu district is calculating to preserve those typical cultural values to preserve them. preservation and development of tourism. There will be cultural texts focusing on areas with typical landscapes and cultural conditions…